U.S. Oil Trading LLC v. M/V Vienna Express

(United States Second Circuit) – Held that a bunker (marine fuel) supplier was potentially entitled to assert a maritime lien against certain vessels to which it had physically provided marine fuel for which it was not paid, under an exception to the usual subcontractor rule. The exception allows maritime liens to be asserted by subcontractors whose selection was controlled or directed by a vessel’s owner/charterer. Vacated and remanded on this issue.